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Overlays of historical plans are an important part of identifying archaeological sites
(1831 plan of Port Macquarie with modern property boundaries).
 
Archaeological Management Plans (AMPs)
     

One of the first archaeological management plans
was produced for London in 1973. Entitled The
Future of Londonís Past, it was a survey of the archaeological implications of planning and development in the nationís capital.

 

When the surviving conditions of archaeological sites beneath the buildings of the Parramatta CBD was clearly demonstrated in 1985 by the excavations on the Family Court site (see Recent Projects - Parramatta), Edward Higginbotham and Paul-Alan Johnson, UNSW, set out to prepare a similar archaeological management plan for the whole of
the Parramatta CBD.

 

We received sponsorship from both UNSW and the then Department of Planning (now Heritage Branch)
in 1987 to complete this pioneering study for NSW. It included:

  • A fully researched historical background for Parramatta.
  • A discussion of the potential contribution of archaeology.
  • The importance of archaeological sites in Parramatta.
  • A series of historical maps overlaid onto the modern town plan.
  • A complete inventory of sites for Parramatta CBD, North Parramatta and Parramatta Park.
  • Recommendations for the conservation and management of archaeological sites in the planning process.
The study received the support of Parramatta City Council in 1989, with the result that archaeological sites have been taken into consideration in all subsequent development applications. The Department of Planning (now Heritage Branch) published the study in 1991 (see Publications ).

 

 

 

Since that time, Edward Higginbotham has headed teams of historians and town planners to prepare a series of archaeological management plans, including for The Rocks and Millers Point, Sydney in 1991, for Port Macquarie in 1994-1995 (see Awards) and for Richmond in 1996.

 

More recently Edward Higginbotham has reviewed and updated the archaeological management plan for the Department of Housing property in Millers Point, Sydney in 2002.

 

Edward Higginbotham continues to prepare archaeological management plans and conservation management plans for complex archaeological precincts and sites, most recently the state significant Cumberland Hospital, Parramatta, which includes the site of the Female Factory, dated from 1821 onwards.

 

Download the model guidelines for the preparation of archaeological management plans from the NSW Heritage Branch website.

 

References

Martin Biddle, Daphne Hudson and Carolyn Heighway. The Future of London’s Past. A survey of the archaeological implications of planning and development in the nation’s capital. Rescue Publication Number 4. Worcester. 1973.

 

Archaeological Management Plan for Goulburn Mulwaree completed in March 2010.

 

 
AMPs by Edward Higginbotham
 
Edward Higginbotham and Paul-Alan Johnson. The Future of Parramatta's Past. An Archaeological Zoning Plan. 1788 to 1844. Department of Planning. 1991.
 
Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd. The Rocks and Millers Point Archaeological Management Plan. Department of Planning N.S.W., and The Sydney Cove Authority. 1991.
 
Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd. Archaeological Management Plan, Port Macquarie. Volumes 1 and 2. Hastings Council, 1994.
 
Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd. Archaeological Management Plan, Port Macquarie. Volume 3. History and Conservation, together with brochure, entitled ‘The Archaeological Management Plan of Port Macquarie. What you need to know?’ Stage 2. Hastings Council, 1995.
 
Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd. Archaeological Management Plan, Richmond, N.S.W. Volumes 1 & 2. Hawkesbury City Council.   1996.
 
Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd. Conservation Management Guidelines. Department of Housing owned property in Millers Point, NSW. Historical Archaeology. NSW Department of Public Works and Services. 2002.
 
Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd. Goulburn Mulwaree Archaeological Management Plan. Volumes 1-3. Goulburn Mulwaree Council. March 2010.
 
Maps for archaeological management plans
 

The following maps and plans have been specifically produced for each archaeological management plan. A selection can be viewed online, providing examples of:

  1. Base plan and inventory.
  2. Historical overlay plans.
  3. Condition of below ground archaeological remains.
  4. Significance of archaeological sites.

See also the new maps produced for the Goulburn Mulwaree Archaeological Management Plan 2010.

 


Parramatta, 1987, published 1991. Map 1C. Base Map and Inventory.
(Map by Paul-Alan Johnson).
See Publications
See Recent Projects - Parramatta
 

The Rocks and Millers Point, Sydney, 1991. Map 10. Wells 1850.
 

Port Macquarie, 1994-1995. Map 7. The condition of below ground archaeological remains.
See Awards
See Recent Projects Ė Port Macquarie
 

Richmond, 1996-1997. Map 4. Level of scientific (archaeological) significance.
       
     
© 2010 Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd.
This web site last updated – 20 April 2010
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